Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Essential Information from the Data Analysis-Samples for Students

Question: Compose a letter to the Manager, Explaining Essential Information and Conclusions from your Data Analysis. Answer: Letter to the Manager To, Date: 17/08/2017 The Human Resource Manager, John Smith Tim George Senior Analyst Cleveland Corporations Sub: Essential data and end from the information examination Dear Tim, Concerning the letter, which solicited to embrace the information investigation from the representative compensations and different angles, an examination has been finished. During the examination, first inclination was given to the pay of the representatives and the investigation of the information has uncovered that the compensation has been corresponding to the degree of work done by the workers inside the association. The mean total pay of the laborers has been seen as waiting in the middle of 20 to 40. The following stage of information investigation has been comparable to the assessing the extent of representatives who are Moderately fulfilled or the representatives who are Very happy with their degree of work at Cleveland Corps. The examination of the information has uncovered that 195 respondents have communicated that they are Moderately fulfilled and then again 206 respondents have communicated that they are Very fulfilled. This uncovers the greater part of the representati ves are happy with their degree of occupation in Cleveland Corps and they are even content with the degree of compensation that are given to them concerning the activity they perform. A limited quantity of respondents have indicated the disappointment as for the activity that they act in the association. The senior administration is even intrigued to pick up information about the reality how the pay is identified with sexual orientation. It is seen that 53% of the male workers have a total pay of 9.8 to 39.8. In a similar pay section, 47% of the representatives are female. It is seen that 87.95% male workers are inside the pay section of 39.8 to 69.8. Just a little level of 12.05% female are inside this compensation piece. In the last chunk no females are there while 100% of the workers are male in this area. The investigation of the information has uncovered that there is a connection among sexual orientation and pay of the workers. Along these lines, it is the obligation of the ad ministration to embrace different strides so as to expand the compensation of the female representatives. The general rating by the workers as for the relationship with the administration has uncovered that 36.67% have evaluated it to be acceptable and 27.78% have appraised the relationship to be awesome. There has been a critical level of workers who have evaluated not really good or bad and this uncovers a higher level of the representatives are content with the relationship with the administration. This shows the procedure of the organization with connection to the relationship is suitable. The examination of the instructive years uncover this is certifiably not a solid match model as just 7.79% of the relapse line can be clarified. Regarding age just no one but 4.46% can be clarified, while at Cleveland the main 4.3% can be clarified. The working hours can be clarified at just 3.2%. The long periods of work has a superior relapse line of 8.67% and the pay has 4.46%. This has unc overed that none of the autonomous variable have an appropriate solid match model. The examination of the information has uncovered that the organization has a viable pay structure and relationship system with the representatives. Sympathetically investigate the exceed expectations sheet to locate the equivalent. Respects John Smith List of sources Alsaraireh, F., Quinn Griffin, M. T., Ziehm, S. R., Fitzpatrick, J. J. (2014). Employment fulfillment and turnover goal among Jordanian medical attendants in mental units. Universal diary of emotional wellness nursing, 23(5), 460-467. Guan, Y., Wen, Y., Chen, S. X., Liu, H., Si, W., Liu, Y., ... Dong, Z. (2014). When do pay and employment level anticipate profession fulfillment and turnover aim among Chinese chiefs? The job of apparent authoritative profession the board and vocation stay. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23(4), 596-607. Lee, Y. J., Sabharwal, M. (2016). Educationjob match, pay, and employment fulfillment over general society, non-benefit, and revenue driven parts: Survey of late school graduates. Open Management Review, 18(1), 40-64. Olafsen, A. H., Halvari, H., Forest, J., Deci, E. L. (2015). Show them the cash? The job of pay, administrative need backing, and equity in a self?determination hypothesis model of inherent work inspiration. Scandinavian diary of brain research, 56(4), 447-457.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Dominant Masculinity over Fragile Femininity in Pornography Essay

Prevailing Masculinity over Fragile Femininity in Pornography - Essay Example The book Getting Off: Pornography and the End of Masculinity by Robert Jensen show dominating embarrassment of ladies through sex entertainment and its mass production.First and preeminent, one ought to concur with Jensen in his contention on the finish of manliness through consistent humiliation of the female respect. The creator is straight-forward in what sex entertainment represents for everyone. It is a reflected look of how men see ladies (Jensen 122). Actually, the writer gives heaps of models concurred with his own accounts in order to make the entire thing extremely close to home for every peruser. The utilization of group blasts and other pornography scenes where male strength is clear portrays sex entertainment as a way to make men silly toward ladies and become increasingly forceful instead.Notably, Jensen talks on the issue of female delicacy in a tragic tone. In this regard, numerous scenes from his book consider why ladies are so natural to be liable to men’s fo ulness and hostility. Jensen gives his method of thinking on this issue, specifically: â€Å"It damages to realize that regardless of who you are as a lady, you can be diminished to a thing to be infiltrated and that men will purchase films about that† (Jensen 14)†¦ This is a purported translation that a woman’s body has become significant exclusively because of its alternative of being entered by methods for rough fellatio, twofold or triple entrances, and so on. Indeed, the male strength abandons saying in this context.It is about time to consider current ages of young men. Pornography films force a tremendous want to be forceful and silly toward young ladies on them so that to call those young ladies just prostitutes thus. Obviously, all pornography motion pictures are ordinarily misanthropic. The job of a man isn't that critical to the crowd of watchers, however the manner by which a lady oohing and aahing having male privates in various pieces of her body. In this manner, the most youthful layers of the general public acquire the requirement for being inconsiderate and five star (young men) and the need to consent to such mentalities (young ladies). In actuality, such practices are as of now remembered for the social develop. It is a finished model of men-ladies cooperation at each phase of their correspondence up to some cozy minutes, as it were.

Saturday, August 15, 2020

Differences in Suicide Among Men and Women

Differences in Suicide Among Men and Women Depression Suicide Print Differences in Suicide Among Men and Women By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Reviewed by Reviewed by Amy Morin, LCSW on June 20, 2019 facebook twitter instagram Amy Morin, LCSW, is a psychotherapist, author of the bestselling book 13 Things Mentally Strong People Dont Do, and a highly sought-after speaker. Learn about our Wellness Board Amy Morin, LCSW Updated on February 04, 2020 Ismail Akin Bostanci / Getty Images More in Depression Suicide Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Types Childhood Depression In This Article Table of Contents Expand Suicide Attempts & Risk of Death Suicide Methods Severity of Suicide Attempts Self-Harming Behavior Depression and Suicide LGBTQ Suicide Rates Theories & Explanations View All Back To Top Information presented in this article may be triggering to some people. If you are having suicidal thoughts, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 for support and assistance from a trained counselor. If you or a loved one are in immediate danger, call 911 immediately. Official statistics and research studies have found that there are a number of gender differences in suicide. These differences are known as the gender paradox of suicide. While females are more likely to experience suicidal thoughts, for example, males are much more likely to take their own lives. While it is difficult to discuss this topic, it has to be stressed that this knowledge is important if we are to reduce the number of deaths by suicide in the United States and around the world each year. The World Health Organization reports that 800,000 people die by suicide each year worldwide while suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States.?? Understanding these gender differences can help experts better design and develop prevention and intervention strategies. Differences in Suicide Attempt and Risk of Death Suicide statistics reveal that women are roughly three times more likely to attempt suicide, though men are two to four times more likely to die by suicide.?? Compared to their male counterparts, women show higher rates of suicidal thinking, non-fatal suicidal behavior, and suicide attempts.?? The differences in attempts and completed suicides in women have erroneously led many people to believe that suicide attempts in women are often a method of getting attention rather than a serious risk. This is far from true. Its important to note that among women, an attempted (but failed) suicide attempt is the greatest risk factor for suicide in the future, and all suicide attempts, whether in men or in women, need to be taken very seriously. Differences in Suicide Methods One of the most important reasons for the difference between suicide attempts and completed suicides between men and women is the method of suicide used. Men tend to choose violent (more lethal) suicide methods, such as firearms, hanging, and asphyxiation, whereas women are more likely to overdose on medications or drugs.?? Common suicide methods in men include: FirearmsHangingAsphyxiation or suffocationJumpingMoving objectsSharp objectsVehicle exhaust gas In general, women tend to use a greater variety of suicide methods than men. Common suicide methods in women include: Self-poisoning (Women four times as likely as men to die from drug poisoning)Exsanguination (bleeding out from a cut such as a slit wrist)DrowningHanging (One study found that men and women are both just as likely to die by hanging)Firearms (But women were 73% less likely to use firearms as men) Why More Men Are Taking Their Own Lives Other Differences in Suicide Methods There are differences in suicide methods beyond those between the sexes. One study found that: Men who were married were more likely to use firearms, whereas men who were unmarried were more likely to die by hanging.Unmarried women were less likely to hang themselves than married women.Men with a history of substance use were more likely to die by self-poisoning.  Prior substance use had no impact on self-poisoning as a suicide method among women.For both men and women, the likelihood of poisoning was significantly higher among those taking psychiatric medications.?? Methods such as intentional overdose are more common in those who have been depressed for some time. Firearms, in contrast, appear to be more common when people are reacting to acute situations. This would support current recommendations to remove guns from a home in the setting of an acute mental health crisis. According to the CDCs Data Statistics Fatal Injury Report for 2017, firearms accounted for 50.6% of all suicide deaths in 2017. Differences in the Severity of Suicide Attempts Even when the same method of suicide is used by men and women, attempts by men tend to be more serious and severe (60% more severe, at least statistically speaking). Men who attempt suicide and survive are more likely than women who attempt and survive suicide to require intensive care hospitalization. With regard to suicide by firearms, research has found that men are more likely to shoot themselves in the head (which is more likely to be fatal) than women.?? The reason for this has been debated but could be related to less intent to die in women. Some have suggested that this could be, however, that cosmetic fears in women, should the attempt fail, play a role in the location of a gunshot.?? Researchers have explored the possibility that suicidal intent may play a role in this discrepancy. One study found that females tend to exhibit less serious intent to die than do males.?? Prior Suicide Attempts Before Suicide As noted above, both men and women who have a history of a prior suicide attempt are at high risk for future suicide. Over half of women who die by suicide have a previous attempt, whereas less than half of men who commit suicide have a prior attempt. Suicide Warning Signs Regardless of gender differences in suicide, everyone should be aware of the risk factors and warning signs of suicide. If you or a loved one have a history of depression, you may wish to create a suicide safety plan as well. Differences in Self-Harming Behavior While men are more likely to die as a result of a suicide attempt, women are more likely to engage in what is known as deliberate self-harm (DSH) or self-injury. DSH involves any sort of self-harming behavior, whether or not the intent is to commit suicide. Research suggests that people who use self-injury are not usually trying to kill themselves, though sometimes they do. While many people associate self-harm with a desire for attention, it is not and is often done in private. Examples of DSH include non-lethal drug overdoses and self-injury such as cutting. While suicide may not be the motivation, many people who engage in self-harm may be having suicidal thoughts and may also go too far in their self-harming behavior resulting in unintentional suicide. Research has found some key risk factors for suicide in those who engage in self-harming behavior including: Previous episodes of self-harmSuicidal intentPhysical health problemsMale gender?? What Are the Warning Signs of Self-Injury? Gender Differences in Depression and Suicide Its thought that major depression occurs in roughly half of people who commit suicide, both male and female, and there are differences in this regard as well. Women are twice as likely as men to carry a diagnosis of major depression, though, as noted, completed suicide occurs much more often in men than women. Its also known that women are more likely to seek treatment for depression than men. Differences in Suicide Rates Among LGBTQ Individuals Research has found that suicidal thoughts and rates are much higher among those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and non-binary.  For instance, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth are three times more likely to think about suicide and seven times more likely to attempt suicide than heterosexual youth.??   A U.S. study found that 40% of transgender adults have attempted suicide.?? One of the first studies to look at how gender identity impacts suicide rates found that among teens, trans males face the highest risk of suicide, with 50% reporting a suicide attempt in the past year.?? Nonbinary teens had the second-highest suicide risk, with 42% reporting some type of self-harm in the previous year.?? For comparison, the study found that suicidal behaviors were reported in less than 10% cisgender males (that is, those whose gender identity matches their biological sex) and 17% of cisgender females.?? Rejection and bullying have both been implicated in the increased suicide rates among LGBTQ individuals. Research has shown that young people who are rejected by their families due to their identity or sexual orientation are 8.4 times more likely to attempt suicide than those who have more family support and acceptance.?? A study published in the American Journal of Public Health found that every incident of LGBTQ harassment or abuse, both verbal and physical, more than doubles the risk of self-harming behaviors.?? Research suggests that taking steps to facilitate friendships between LGBT and heterosexual students may help reduce these rates. A study conducted by researchers from the University of British Columbia found that simply having a gay-straight alliance (GSA) at school reduced suicidal thoughts and attempts among all students, regardless of their sexual orientation.?? The researchers suggest having a long-standing GSA reduces homophobic bullying and improves student mental health no matter their sexual orientation. How LGBTQ Bullying Affects Suicide Risk Why Are There Gender Differences With Suicide? A number of different theories have been suggested to account for the gender differences in suicide. Differences in gender roles and societal expectations may account for some of the differences in suicidal behavior. The gender stereotype of men being tough and strong does not allow for failure, perhaps causing men to select a more violent and lethal method of suicide; while women, who are allowed (in social acceptance terms) the option to express vulnerability and to ask for help, may use suicide attempts as a means of expressing their need for help. Some researchers have even suggested that women may be more reluctant to engage in a serious suicide attempt because the act is seen as violent and masculine. Some theories suggest that females may be more likely to attempt suicide at an earlier point when faced with psychological distress or illness than males, less out of an intent to die and more out of an attempt to communicate distress.?? Another theory is that women are more likely to take others into consideration, and looking at suicide in the context of relationships may give women less incentive to want to die. Others have wondered if perhaps women feel freer to change their minds following a decision to attempt suicide. Experts suggest that gender might also influence what methods a person is familiar with or has ready access to use. For example, men are generally more likely than women to be familiar with firearms and use them in their daily lives, and thus they might choose this method more often. While certain generalizations can be made about male and female suicide behavior, it should be noted that general tendencies cannot be taken as absolute guidelines for suicide prevention efforts. Suicide attempts should always be taken seriously and not dismissed as attention-seeking behavior, nor should it be assumed that only persons of a particular gender will use any given method. It is important to note that more research is needed to better understand gender differences in suicide and to develop gender-targeted intervention strategies. If You Are a Parent… If you are a parent, you may have lost sleep hearing about the risk of suicide in young people. Despite prevention and intervention programs aimed to help teens who are considering suicide, determining if a teenager is suicidal can be very difficult. In addition to learning about the warning signs of suicide in adults, take a moment to learn about the warning signs for suicide in teenagers, and become familiar with some of the common myths about teen suicide. The Trevor Project offers help and resources for LGBTQ youth and can be reached at 1-866-488-7386. Call 911 if you or another person is in immediate danger. How to Help a Friend Who Is Feeling Suicidal

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Homer s The Odyssey, By Homer - 962 Words

In Homer’s The Odyssey, while Odysseus was away from home, there were suitors who lounged around his house and wanted Penelope’s hand in marriage. When Odysseus finally arrived home, he was outraged and eventually killed the suitors and the servants who were disloyal to Odysseus’s family. Some people might believe Odysseus was inhumane for killing the suitors, but Odysseus had a reason for everything he did. Odysseus killed the suitors and most of his servants in order to protect himself and his family, assert his title as King of Ithaka, and to enact his revenge for betrayal. This teaches us that Odysseus knew what he was doing and that he had a reason why he chose to do those actions. While some people might think Odysseus went barbaric when he killed all the suitors, other people might disagree and claim Odysseus went barbaric with a good reason. A good reason why Odysseus killed the suitors was not only because he wanted to protect himself, but to also protec t his family as well. Penelope managed to put off choosing a husband among the suitors for three years and it was clear that Penelope had no interest in marrying anyone, but the suitors continued to wait for her by lounging around her house. The suitors not only bothered Penelope, but also her son as well. The suitors occasionally teased Telemachos about his father’s absence, leaving Telemachos feeling hopeless and frustrated. To push things even further, one of the suitors daringly said to Telemachos, â€Å"I hope theShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Homer s Odyssey By Homer Essay1479 Words   |  6 Pages The word â€Å"Family†, according to Merriam Webster, is thought to be a group of people brought together by common affiliation. The same cannot be said for the culture in the Odyssey by Homer. In the Odyssey, Odysseus is trying to get back home from fighting in the Trojan War. He has been away from home for almost 20 years longing to just be reunited with his kinfolk. Along the way, he comes across many obstacles that hinders him from reaching his home and family in in Ithaca. Luckily, the memoriesRead MoreAnalysis Of Homer s Odyssey, By Homer915 Words   |  4 PagesThroughout the Odyssey, the hero, Odysseus is portrayed in two different and contradicting lights: the wise hero and the capricious leader blinded by his own pride. The epic writer, Homer, embodies the theme of hubris throughout Odysseus’ journey home. The idea of hubris, a trait of excessive pride, significantly develops personalities of characters within The Odyssey, and Homer ultimately creates a st atement about excessive pride. The dual portrayal of Odysseus leads the reader to ultimatelyRead MoreThe Odyssey By Homer s Odyssey Essay1314 Words   |  6 Pages8th century, The Odyssey, is Homer s epic of Odysseus 10-year struggle to return home after the Trojan War. Odysseus defining character traits, such as nobility, courage, thirst for the glory and the appealing confidence in his authority dominated the storyline throughout. The many themes of this epic mainly focus around the Greek hero Odysseus however in my essay I will attempt to analyze hospitality. Hospitality shaped an important part of social interactions in The Odyssey. Although Greek societyRead MoreAnalysis Of Homer s Odyssey By Homer2018 Words   |  9 PagesThe Odyssey by Homer is more light in tone than the Iliad, of the same author: The good wins while the evil is punished. Even though the gods are still strict, the relationship between Odysseus and Athena is a more sincere and equal a relationship than be tween God and Man in the Iliad. Odysseus is distinguished not only by his bravery, but largely by his intellect and cunning. He is the type of resourceful man whom never gives up, thinks of the causes, is reverent and never gives in. The Odyssey isRead MoreThe Odyssey By Homer s Odyssey2866 Words   |  12 Pagesâ€Å"Homer’s Odyssey is the only surviving poem from a cycle of poems called the Nostoi (â€Å"the Returns†), which told of the returns home of the various Greek heroes at Troy† (Norcott, 2012). The Odyssey is one of many accounts of the Greek heroes that took part in the Trojan War. Odysseus’ story was just one that survived after all of these years. The story came out as an Epic only because of how the people revered the heroes as they started many trends, such as Odysseus’ Trojan horse. â€Å"These epics lieRead MoreThe Odyssey By Homer s Odyssey1267 Words   |  6 PagesLife in The Odyssey In The Odyssey, Odysseus is constantly being challenged. He is being challenged, so Homer can show us the standards for life in The Odyssey. There is no doubt that Odysseus is a great man, Homer even says so in the beginning lines of the text. Although Odysseus is a great man, he also makes mistakes but not any that he doesn t pay for. We learn the representation of life in The Odyssey through Odysseus challenges. Throughout the book, Odysseus specifically struggles with arroganceRead MoreHomer s Epic Hero, The Odyssey, By Homer1670 Words   |  7 Pages King of Ithaca, Odysseus was a Greek champion in the Trojan War. However, he is known best not for his heroic acts during combat, but for his journey back to Ithaca, to his wife and son, in the ten years that follow. In Homer’s epic hero, The Odyssey, the Greek poet tells of Odysseus’s hardships and how he used his heroic traits to overcome them. The myth is told in twenty four books. Odysseus is a hero because of his cleverness, loyalty, leadership, and courage. Odysseus is, without a doubtRead MoreAnalysis Of Homer s The Odyssey 1128 Words   |  5 Pages The Odyssey shows a lot of different stereotypes for women throughout the book, taking action to get what they want. Odysseus is trying to get back home after ten long years since the fall of troy, and his son is going out to find him. Throughout the book Odysseus meets lots of woman who vary in personality. He meets woman with the stereotypes: â€Å"mantis†- dominant, eats its mate, destroys to gain power, feared by many. â€Å"Damsel in distress†- persecuted maiden, woman placed in a dire predicament requiresRead MoreAnalysis Of Homer s Odyssey By Homer1202 Words   |  5 Pagescoping with the idea of losing his father and letting others to rule Ithaca. It is noticeable from the beginning of The Odyssey, written by Homer that Telemachus finds himself in a complicated situation where his life is seen to be in danger. He is a character of being distance from people. The i dea of Telemachus becoming his own father, threatens suitor’s control in Ithaca. Homer describes Telemachus as a teenager who has not found himself and is on a mission to become an adult as his father. TelemachusRead MoreAnalysis Of Homer s Odyssey 877 Words   |  4 PagesIn the â€Å"Odyssey†, Odysseus goes through obstacles throughout the book that a normal man couldn’t subside. One example is in book 9, his main obstacle that he is trying to face is to escape from being held hostage in a cave by a Cyclops better known as Polyphemus. Odysseus is a archetypal hero, he is also a role model, with an ambition to get to his homeland Ithaca. He goes through resisting temptation and using his intellect and physical strength to get him there, no matter the obstacle nor the negative

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Research Proposal on Music and Rhetoric

Introduction Over the course of history there has been a close relationship between rhetoric and music; this is especially evident in the Baroque period (rhetoric). Until relatively recently in Western society, music was an form primarily focused on vocals, and consequently words were of extremely high importance. Due to this trend, composers were usually inspired by rhetorical principles when coalescing text and music (rhetoric). Likewise, even after instrumental-centered music became popular, rhetoric principles continued to be relied on in creating both vocal and instrumental music. What is still largely unclear is how the interrelationships influenced the craft of composition. This is partly due to the lack of education in rhetorical disciplines among modern musicians and scholars as since the start of the nineteenth century the disciplines have mostly vanished from most educational and philosophical systems (rhetoric). Only in the early twentieth century did music historians find again the significance of rhetoric as the foundation of musical concepts in the previous centuries. Therefore there are still wide gaps in knowledge about the hiatus where rhetoric disappeared from musical research history. Rhetoric has played a major role in the creation and composition of music over the centuries, and this importance is only recognized in part. In order to gain a full understanding of the relationship between rhetoric and music, these gaps need to be filled. Furthermore, learning a true extent of the relationship between the two elements will vastly help modern day, and indeed future, musical scholars to develop the practice. The relationship between music and the rhetoric in the medieval period is, in particular, lacking knowledge. This is the period I wish to explore. Concept/Definition I plan to briefly study the relationship between music and the rhetoric over the past centuries, for as far back as I can find information. This is in order to gain an overall knowledge and grounding in the subject. I also wish to conduct research into music at beginning the beginning of the nineteenth century. At this time, the use of rhetoric in music was at its most popular. I plan to ascertain exactly how the disciplines were taught with relation to music. Once these initial stages of research are complete I plan to study a wide range of sources with information on the relationship between rhetopric and music through the Renaissance and Baroque periods, as this is largely where the gaps in research are across history. I wish to cross reference different sources and draw comparisons between the oratory and performance of music from the start of the sixteenth century through to the late eighteenth century. I am primarily focusing my research on the baroque period, but an overall understanding of the periods surrounding it will provide my research with more substance and clarity. In conducting my research, I plan to analyze the key German Baroque musical figures as this will place the subject into a deeper context. Entering the Conversation McCreless, P. P. McCresless’ article Cambridge History of Western Music Theory is within the book Cambridge Histories. The book is probably the first in depth history of Western music theory that is available in the English language. It explores a wide range of theory in music. Mortimer Wilsons book, The Rhetoric of Music: harmony, counterpoint, musical form, is available online as it is an old book. It was originally published pre-1923 and has more recently been reproduced digitally. Wilson gives an excellent insight into how the rhetoric of music was taught around the time of original publication. These are just two important sources of discussion around my chosen subject area. I plan to use the first-hand information provided by Wilson and cross reference with McCresless overall history and, of course, many other important subject. I then hope to bring the knowledge of the relationship between the rhetoric and music of the baroque period, primarily, uptodate and report on it in an accessible and modern fashion. Methodology In conducting my research I plan on spending time in the library searching out relevant literature and, in particular, books dating back to the early nineteenth century. In addition to this I will spend considerable time on the web, locating useful scholarly journals. Another advantage to the web is that it provides access to some books that have long gone out of print. Conclusion So far I have identified between five and seven sources that I believe will be valuable in conducting this research project. Of these I have also listed the particularly relevent chapters/sections within each one. As I work through the information I am beginning to see where the gaps are in my general knowledge of the subject as well as in the research topic itself, and I am currently searching for additional sources through which to cover this. My next stage in completing the research paper is to begin to cross reference the various sources, and also to construct a time line; in other words, I need to sort the information into a more user friendly order. Bibliography McCreless, P. â€Å"Cambridge History of Western Music Theory†. Cambridge Histories. 26 Feb. 2011. Wilson, Mortimer. The Rhetoric of Music: harmony, counterpoint, musical form. South Carolina: BiblioBazzar, 2009. Print. Tarling, Judy. The Weapons of Rhetoric: a Guide for Musicians and Audiences. Herts, UK: Corda Music, 2004. Print. Bailey, Alex. â€Å"The Rhetoric of Music: A Theoretical Synthesis†. Google Books. 1 March. 2011.,%E2%80%9D+by+Alex+Bailey+source=blots=TkXiX55axosig=csVmAw6DcwJsIG8kvoQnj4sGDHEhl=enei=p61xTby8PIaphAf10rk9sa=Xoi=book_resultct=resultresnum=1sqi=2ved=0CBYQ6AEwAA#v=onepageqf=false Bartel, Dietrich. â€Å"Music poetica: musica-rherorical figures in German Baroque music†. Google Books. 1 March. 2011.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Motivating Middle School Boys Free Essays

Motivation of Middle School Boys in Math Class Abstract Middle school is a time of physical, emotional and social change for boys. When students hit middle school, academics tend to take a back seat to all of the new activity in their lives. For boys, middle school is increasingly difficult. We will write a custom essay sample on Motivating Middle School Boys or any similar topic only for you Order Now In addition to the physical and emotional changes, the academic curriculum becomes more challenging and rigid. This does not align with a typical boy’s learning style. Many boys in middle school are struggling through hard times at home. Situations may include challenges such as little to no parental support, poverty, and malnutrition. With all of the possible circumstances disrupting their home lives, it is hard for these boys to concentrate on how to solve an equation in math class. Teachers need to motivate boys by providing relevant, hands-on curriculum. Three ways that teachers can do this is by including family members in the classroom, using friendly competition in the form of games and contests, and by relating mathematical lessons and material to real-life situations and interests that the boys might have. Introduction By seventh grade, most students have had years of poor attendance, little parental support, and many other issues related to poverty. They simply do not see the importance of mathematics in everyday life and how math can lead to better things for them. Males, in particular, want to continue the lifestyle they were raised in; showing little to no effort when it comes to the math classroom. This paper discusses three reasons why mathematics teachers should incorporate meaningful motivation strategies as a tool to motivate middle school males in the mathematics classroom. Including Family in the Classroom One way that teachers can help to motivate boys in the middle school classroom is to include their families in the classroom. The relationship between family and school influences the academic achievement of middle school students. These family relationships and parental involvement mold students’ educational development drastically. Murdock and Miller (2003) refer to family as a major influence in how middle school boys deal with learning, peers, and motivation. They state â€Å"families play the most important role in students’ lives as they transition from elementary school to middle school†. The absence of a parent can play a very important role in the success of a student, so when the student sees that there is a connection between the classroom and their family, they are motivated to succeed. Middle school math teachers should try their best to create a sense of family cohesion and teamwork in the classroom. Teachers can do this by always making sure parents are aware of what is happening in the classroom, keeping the lines of communication open, and even incorporating projects that might need the student to work with a member of their family to complete it. Haim Ginott’s theory of congruent communication states that teachers should always use communication that is harmonious with students’ feelings about situations (Charles, 2008). This can be applied to idea of including families in the classroom because teachers need to keep the lines of communication open not only with their students, but with their students’ families. By taking the time to talk to students about situations arising in the classroom, it will be easy for teachers to communicate with parents about similar situations and the lack of motivation within the classroom. When students know that their families are involved in their academics, they are more inclined to succeed in the classroom. Introduce Competition Next, a second way that teachers can help to motivate middle school boys while in the classroom is to include the use of different games and contests. Most boys respond well to competition with their peers. They will force one another to greater speeds, improved accuracy and higher achievement in the name of winning. Boys thrive on competition, so any type of game or activity that allows them to go against a peer in a competitive manner will motivate them to perform. In the following quote, Conti explains why he believes that competitions in the math classroom can spark an interest in math for boys. â€Å"Mathematics competitions are probably the extracurricular academic programs with the widest participation. The most immediate value of these math contests is obvious – they pique students’ interest in mathematics and encourage them to value intellectual pursuits. Boys love games, and many will turn just about any activity into a contest, or in other words, something to get good at. Math contests thus inspire them to become good at mathematics just like sports encourage physical fitness. Eventually, students put aside the games. By then, hopefully an interest in the underlying activity has developed† (Conti, 2001). Teachers should create competitions by having students race against one another to solve math problems or turning a test review into a basketball game, allowing students to shoot a basket for every correct answer. The teacher could also place students in groups and award points based on certain behaviors and completed tasks. A prize would be awarded to the group with the highest score at the end of the week. Jacob Kounin would agree with this point based on his theory of lesson momentum and withitness. Kounin believes that classroom teachers should be able to do a multitude of things at one time, including presenting motivating and engaging lessons, managing the class, and being aware of the classroom surroundings (Charles, 2008). He states that good teachers keep students from getting bored or otherwise frustrated with lessons. By including competition in the form of games and contests in the classroom, the teacher is able to keep the boys motivated with a lesson while still controlling the needs of the class. When boys know they have a chance to show off their skills by winning something, they will immediately become engaged and motivated to participate. Provide Connections to Real-Life Therefore, a third way that middle school math teachers can motivate boys within the classroom is to connect the material to real-life applications. Students, particularly those who come from backgrounds that undervalue education, will benefit from this strategy. Stein (1993) expressed his belief in real-world connections revolving around math lessons by stating â€Å"Because students often feel that mathematics is the subject least relevant to their daily lives, it is an important arena in which teachers can attempt to incorporate students’ funds of knowledge in the context of culturally relevant mathematics instruction†. For middle school boys, school itself is often the least important factor in their lives. Teachers can tap into their focus by relating topics to important interests in their lives. One way for teachers to do that is to use democratic teaching; a theory of Rudolf Dreikurs. Democratic teaching occurs in a classroom in which the teacher and students work together to make decisions about how the class will function (Charles, 2008). This applies to the idea of connecting math with real-world situations. Students want to know how what they are learning will benefit them in their future lives. By brainstorming different topics and careers that the students are interested in, the teacher can then develop lessons that explain how those interests or careers are affected by mathematics. Teachers should show boys how math affects their everyday lives in areas such as: household maintenance, calculating car mileage, budgeting, making larger purchases (cars and houses), or solving problems that are important to them. Connecting math to future careers can also help to motivate boys in math class. Many unmotivated boys do not realize the importance of math for success in college or the role that math plays in careers that are not overtly math-oriented. Stein also claimed that by using problems that interest and excite the students’ curiosity, students are keen to develop important problem-solving strategies. These strategies can be applied in everyday situations, not just in the mathematics classroom. Conclusion The use of meaningful and male-related motivational strategies in middle school mathematics classrooms are a great way to motivate and help boys succeed. Most boys are very intelligent when it comes to numbers and math, however it may seem â€Å"too cool† to get good grades and to apply yourself. Middle school is where students generally begin to find themselves, and a determined teacher can help to motivate students to choose the right path. A teacher’s responsibility is to make sure they have done everything in their power to help their students succeed. This means reaching out to parents, changing lessons to fit the needs of the unmotivated students in the classroom, and changing your classroom management strategies to help engage and excite the students. With little to no parental support or guidance for many boys in the classroom, a male math teacher may be exactly what these boys need. But will these same strategies work with a female math teacher? References: Charles, C. M. (2008). Twentieth-Century Pioneers in Classroom Discipline. Building Classroom Discipline (Ninth Edition). Boston: Pearson. Conti, R. , Collins, M. A. , Picariello, M. L. (2001). The impact of competition on intrinsic motivation and creativity: Considering gender, gender segregation nd gender role orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(8), 1273- 1289 Grossman, H. (2004). Classroom behavior management for diverse and inclusive schools. (3rd edition). Maryland: Rowman Littlefield. Murdock, T. , Miller, A. (2003). Teachers as Sources of Middle School Students’ Motivational Identity: Variable-Centered and Person-Centered Analytic Approaches. The Elementary School Journal, 103(4), 383-399. Stein, S. L. (1993). Young’s vision. The Mat hematics Teacher, 86, 330-333. How to cite Motivating Middle School Boys, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Describing a Mother and Her Role in Our Society free essay sample

Describing a Mother and Her Role in Our Society Understanding a Mothers Role and Encouraging Love, Adoration and Respect for Her In fact, Mothers Role in the Society is considered to be quite a sensitive and emotional topic for the discussion. Interestingly, nowadays there are many writers who highlight this issue in their literary works. In general, the mother can be described in various ways and in different situations. Some examples, which can be used in a Mother Essay, are stated elow: * Biologically, a mother is a social female parent of an offspring Collectively, it is she who fulfills the main social role in raising the child But for the various definitions, there is one thing common throughout the whole world: each mother should be loved and respected. Actually, this factor should be emphasized by the society we are living in. Indeed, there can hardly be a community which would say that the mother is nothing but a living being made to deliver children. We will write a custom essay sample on Describing a Mother and Her Role in Our Society or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, still there might be some humans who would think like this. But in general, every culture has a valued position for the mother. It is a well-known fact that the mother is strongly related to her children. Hence, a Mother Essay should be specially focused on a mother- child relationship. Everyone supports a view that the mother is not Just the woman who gives birth to a child, but the one who adopts the child and considers it to be hers. In reality, there are many reasons why the mother cannot bring up the child she gave birth to: * Poverty It is crystal clear that the raising a child in poverty is a great challenge. If a lonely other cannot earn her living, she may not be able to earn for the child. This makes her abandon her child. * Social problems Some communities still follow Infanticide, which is killing an infant. In such cases, each mother wants her baby to survive and hence she may give away the baby to someone else. * Superstitions In certain uneducated families, new born babies are killed or discarded because they were born with some disease. They tend to give such kid a superstitious name and throw away the baby. In any case, a mother is always unhappy about the departure f her baby. In many communities, a mother is considered an incarnation of Goddess. Therefore, she is highly praised and worshiped. People celebrate Mothers Day to commemorate the spirit of motherhood. Thanks to this approach, the Mother Essay would bring awareness among the rest of the communities to consider the image of mother as an angel who cares for all family-members equally. Traditionally, the mother is associated with the following roles: * Giving birth toa child * Educating the child with good values * Making a family circle from a house Taking care of all members of the family Dealing with a Mother Essay, it should be kept in mind that in a father-mother- children relationship the closest person for any member is a mother. She is the center towards which all other elements are closely attached. The father may not be Children might not be that close to their father, as he is most of the time away from home. Amazingly, some mothers might act even as a communicative line between the children and their father. This shows the importance of a mother in a family.